Recently Diagnosed with Diabetes? Learn the Lingo


If you, your child, or someone you know has recently been diagnosed with diabetes, you may suddenly be bombarded with lots of information and precautions to take. Understanding the terminology of diabetes can help you understand your condition better. Below is some basic lingo important to fully understanding diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes:

If your diagnosis of diabetes is for Type 1, it means that your immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas. Insulin is necessary as it helps your body’s cells make glucose for energy, and your body gets glucose from the food that you eat.

Because the body is unable to process glucose due to a lack of insulin, glucose from food doesn’t go into the cells. Consequently, there is too much glucose circulating in the blood. Such high blood glucose levels can result in both short-term and long-term health problems.

Most people who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes are children and young adults, which is why it is often referred to as juvenile diabetes. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include extreme thirst and hunger, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, mood changes, and skin rashes. 

You can live a long and healthy life with Type 1 diabetes, as long as you use a blood glucose meter to monitor your blood glucose levels, take insulin shots as needed, eat a balanced diet, and exercise regularly.

Type 2 Diabetes:

If your diagnosis of diabetes is for Type 2, it means that your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels in the body. In the long-term high blood glucose levels can lead to circulatory, nervous, and immune system disorders

Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult onset diabetes. Obesity, family history, age, and other conditions are risk factors for Type 2 diabetes. Symptoms include increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, unintended weight loss, slow healing sores, fatigue, and numbness in the feet. 

With appropriate lifestyle changes and a focus on the prevention of diabetes, you can live healthily with Type 2 diabetes. Weight loss, healthy eating, exercise, and monitoring your blood glucose levels will all help. 

1.Blood Glucose Monitoring

Blood glucose monitoring refers to checking your blood glucose using blood sugar machines or continuous glucose monitoring devices. By testing your blood glucose levels, you can understand how different foods, medications, and activities affect your diabetes. How often you check your blood glucose levels will depend on the type of diabetes you have, your lifestyle, and your doctor’s recommendations.

2.Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Continuous glucose monitoring tracks your blood [KVB1] glucose levels day and night. A continuous glucose monitoring device works by inserting a sensor on the back of the upper arm. The sensor measures interstitial glucose level, the glucose found in between the cells. The sensor tests the glucose levels every few minutes. Sensors usually come with a reader which scans the Sensors and allows you to read them. Abbott’s FreeStyle Libre is the only continuous glucose monitoring device and flash glucose monitoring system in India.


Hyperglycemia describes unusually high blood glucose levels. It occurs when the body does notproduce enough insulin. It’s present in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Symptoms include tiredness, headaches, hunger, and frequent urination.


Hypoglycemia is a condition in which your blood glucose levels are lower than usual. It is also present in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Symptoms include fatigue, pale skin, anxiety, shakiness, hunger and irritability.

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